It’s hoped that posting the query will promote collaboration and contribute to the event of human society.

10 basic science questions on clever computing.

“Can machines suppose? In his groundbreaking article “Computing Equipment and Intelligence” revealed in 1950, Alan Turing first raised this historic query. This launched a brand new subject of synthetic intelligence (AI), in addition to individuals’s insatiable curiosity about computer systems and intelligence.

Human civilization has now entered a brand new period of intelligence. As computing has turn out to be extra ubiquitous, society and every of us are deeply embedded within the community of common computing and reaping the advantages of clever computing. Essential scientific discoveries and functions primarily based on clever computing have emerged in lots of essential fields, similar to fixing difficulties in protein folding, discovering new antibiotics and medical imaging diagnostics utilizing AI, because of to the deep integration of synthetic intelligence, information and IT methodologies. The development of civilization has been drastically facilitated by clever computing, and on the similar time, the demand for computing is skyrocketing.

Plenty of troublesome issues have to be solved in an effort to meet the ever-increasing demand for computing. Computing velocity is restricted by conventional von Neumann structure, computing strategies are challenged by massive information, computing energy is restricted by energy consumption, and computing useful resource utilization is restricted by entry expertise… There are nonetheless many inquiries to be explored and resolved. resolved, in the meantime sturdy options have to be discovered for the long run.

The Zhejiang Laboratory and Science have collectively addressed basic scientific questions with an essential guiding position for future analysis of clever computing. After a collection of solicitations, shortlisting and assessments, 10 questions deemed probably the most profound and thought-provoking had been proposed by a panel of specialists from world wide.

  1. The best way to outline intelligence and set up the analysis and standardization framework for clever computing?
  2. Is there a unified concept for analog computing?
  3. The place will the key improvements in computing come from, and[{” attribute=””>quantum computing approach the computational power of the human brain?
  4. What new devices will be built (transistors, chip design, and hardware paradigms: photonics, spintronics, biomolecules, carbon nanotubes)?
  5. How could intelligent computing enable intelligent machines?
  6. How can we understand the storage and retrieval of memory based on the digital twin brain?
  7. What is the most efficient path to converge silicon-based and carbon-based learning?
  8. How to build interpretable and efficient AI algorithms?
  9. Can strong intelligent computing with features of self-learning, evolvability, and self-reflection be realized?
  10. How can we use real-world data to discover and generalize knowledge?

The 10 fundamental scientific questions in the field of intelligent computing are presented here in the hope that they will enlighten researchers globally. It is expected that scholars and researchers will engage in lively discussions on these 10 scientific questions, jointly promote potential breakthroughs within the questions and technological advances, and contribute to the development of human society.

Reference: “10 fundamental scientific questions on intelligent computing” 14 October 2022, Science.

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